WellSpan Medical Education

Journal Articles


Dang DM, Hieger MA. Massive Ethylene Glycol Self-Administration With Acute Kidney Injury Treated With Fomepizole Alone. Am J Ther. 2023 Feb 20. PMID: 36806553.

Kreider DL. The Ischemic Electrocardiogram. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2022 Nov;40(4):663-678. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2022.06.006. PMID: 36396214.

Love JS, Karshenas DL, Spyres MB, Farrugia LA, Kang AM, Nguyen H, Campleman SL, Li S, Wax PM, Brent J, Aldy K; Toxicology Investigators Consortium Study Group (incl. Hieger MA). The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry-the 2021 Annual Report. J Med Toxicol. 2022 Oct;18(4):267-296. PMID: 36070069; PMCID: PMC9450833.

Michienzi AE, Holstege EP, Cole RJ, Charlton NP. The Sting of a White Flannel Moth Caterpillar (Norape ovina). Wilderness Environ Med. 2022 Sep;33(3):329-331. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2022.03.011. Epub 2022 May 14. PMID: 35577658.

Khoury M, Rozzi H. Bilateral Subconjunctival hematomas: non-accidental trauma or hematological disease? Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2022 July; 29:101432.

Michienzi AE, Borek HA. Emerging Agents of Substance Use/Misuse. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2022 May;40(2):265-281. PMID: 35461623.

Edlow JA, Hoffmann B. Managing Patients With Acute Visual Loss. Ann Emerg Med. 2022 May;79(5):474-484. PMID: 34922777.

Atwood J. Management of Acute Coronary Syndrome. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2022 Nov;40(4):693-706. PMID: 36396216.

Wexler BJ, Stahlman BA. Triaging patients prior to the arrival of the mass casualty: Emergency Severity Index equivalency to SALT disaster triage. Am J Disaster Med. 2022 Spring;17(2):127-130. PMID: 36494883.

Tobarran N, Michienzi A, Hieger MA. An Intoxicating Case of Altered Mental Status. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2022 Jul;61(7):510-512. PMID: 35466699.

Chan WPV, Hieger MA. Low-Dose Intravenous Amiodarone-Induced Acute Hepatic Failure. Am J Ther. 2022 May-Jun 01;29(3):e364-e367. PMID: 35446262.



Lurie T, Bonnin N, Rea J, Tuteja G, Dezman Z, Wilkerson RG, Buganu A, Chasm R, Haase DJ, Tran QK. Patterns of opioid prescribing in emergency departments during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Am J Emerg Med. 2022 Jun;56:63-70. PMID: 35367681; PMCID: PMC8956353.

Spyres MB, Aldy K, Farrugia LA, Kang AM, Love JS, Campleman SL, Li S, Amaducci A, Schwarz E, Wax PM, Brent J; Toxicology Investigators Consortium Study Group [Hieger MA]. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium 2020 Annual Report. J Med Toxicol. 2021 Oct;17(4):333-362. doi: 10.1007/s13181-021-00854-3. Epub 2021 Sep 17. PMID: 34535889; PMCID: PMC8447896.

Shirke T, Wilcox K, Luong T. Traumatic Anterior Dislocation of Ocular Cataract Lens. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2021 Nov;5(4):485-487. PMID: 34813453; PMCID: PMC8610488.

Becker B, Kaminstein D, Secko M, Collin M, Kehrl T, Reardon L, Stahlman BA. A prospective, multicenter evaluation of point-of-care ultrasound for appendicitis in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2022 Feb;29(2):164-173. PMID: 34420255.

Fredette J, Michalec B, Billet A, Auerbach H, Dixon J, Poole C, Bounds R. A qualitative assessment of emergency medicine residents' receptivity to feedback. AEM Educ Train. 2021 Aug 1;5(4):e10658. PMID: 34527849; PMCID: PMC8426887.

Pizarro A, Kehrl T. Case Report: Diagnosis of Late Spontaneous Intraocular Lens Dislocation on Point-of-care Ultrasound. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2021 Aug;5(3):332-334. PMID: 34437041; PMCID: PMC8373180.



Shanahan EG, Kreider DL, Matthews PJ, Nomura JT. Beaver Tail Liver Variant and Free Fluid on Abdominal Ultrasound. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2021;24:101082. 

Clontz R, Dang DM, Hieger MA, Becker BA. Atezolizumab-induced Autoimmune Diabetes in a Patient with Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Case Report. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2021;5(2):190-193. PMCID: PMC8143823.

Michienzi A, Tobarran N, Hieger MA.  Extended release acetaminophen overdoses with delayed peak concentrations.  Am J Ther. 2021 Jan 15. PMID: 33491964

Becker B, Yeich T, Jaffe J, Sun S, Chen Y, Rebert T, Stahlman B.  Impact of creatinine screening on contrast-induced nephropathy following computerized tomography for stroke.  Am J Emerg Med. Am J Emerg Med. 2021 Jul;45:420-425. PMID: 33051090. 

Bohrn MA, Benenson R, Bush CM, Bell T, Black C, Doan B, Green C, Mass MM, Newell JA, Rowe J, Schlenker MK, Schuchardt-Peet C, Sullivan J, Zaman HT, Tirupathi R. Demographics and Clinical Characteristics of Adult Patients Hospitalized due to COVID-19 in a Rural/Suburban Integrated Health System in Southcentral Pennsylvania, March through May 2020. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2021. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofab132

Gregory D, Becker B, Collin M.  “Elderly woman with shortness of breath”.  J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2020 Dec 5;2(1):e12327.  PMID: 33521779.

Fozard J, Hieger M. Hepatic Failure From Pennyroyal Tea Interaction With Medications Metabolized by the Cytochrome P450 Enzymes. Am J Ther. 2020 Nov/Dec;27(6):e694-e696. PMID: 31513020

Tobarran N, Hieger M. Acute Silver Toxicity from Colloidal Silver Overdose.  Am J Ther. 2020 Nov/Dec;27(6):e682-e684. PMID: 31385825

Hieger MA, Peters NE. Lipid Emulsion Therapy for Quetiapine Overdose. Am J Ther. 2020 Sep/Oct;27(5):e518-e519. PMID: 32769389

Tobarran N, Collin M. Point-of-care Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Calciphylaxis. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2020 Aug;4(3):495-496. PMID: 32926729

Gregory D, Wexler B, Becker B.  De Winter T-wave Pattern in Proximal Left Anterior Descending Artery Occlusion. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2020 Aug;4(3):476-477. PMID: 32926720



Fozard J, Shafer K, Kehrl T. Sonographic exploration for fascial exploration (SEFE) in necrotizing fasciitis: a case report. Ultrasound J. 2020 Apr 22;12(1):24. PMID: 32323044

Krawiec C, Gerard S, Iriana S, Berger R, Levi B. What we can learn from failure: An EHR-based child protection alert system. [Published online ahead of print].  Child Maltreat. 2020 Feb;25(1):61-69. PMID: 31137955.

Flamm A, Hieger MA, Lisdexamfetamine Overdose.  American Journal of Therapeutics. 2019 Nov/Dec;26(6):e770-e771.  PMID: 30730334

Becker BA, Walker TC. Gastric Outlet Obstruction Due to Malposition of Replacement Gastrostomy Tube. Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine. 2019 Sep 30;3(4):442-443. PMID: 31763613

Becker BA, Lahham S, Gonzales M, Nomura J, Bui MK, Truong TA, Stahlman BA, Fox JC, Kehrl T.  A Prospective, Multicenter Evaluation of Point-of-care Ultrasound for Small-bowel Obstruction in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Aug;26(8):921-930. PMID: 30762916

Lee D, Stahlman B, Sharrah M.  Daylight Savings Time is Not Associated with an Increased Incidence of Trauma Activations.  West J Emerg Med. 2019 Jul;20(4):585-586.  PMID: 31316697



Mauck MC, Hu J, Sefton C, Swor RA, Peak DA, Jones JS, Rathlev NK, Lee DC, Domeier RM, Hendry PL, McLean SA. Obesity increases the risk of chronic pain development after motor vehicle collision. Pain. 2019;160(3):670-675.  PMID: 30507783

Becker BA, Stahlman BA, McLean N, Kochert E. Low-level troponin elevations following a reduced troponin I cutoff: Increased resource utilization without improved outcomes.  Am J Emerg Med. 2018. Oct;36(10):1810–1816.  PMID: 29506892

Baker J, Cole J.  EMS, Medical Oversight of Systems. StatPearls [Internet]. 2018 Sep.  PMID: 30252349

Patrick K, Jarriel J, Hieger M. Pancreatic pseudocyst due to acute valproic acid overdose. Am J Ther. 2018 Sep/Oct;25(5):e584-e585.  PMID: 29053479



Lahham S, Becker BA, Gari A, Bunch S, Alvarado M, Anderson CL, Viquez E, Spann SC, Fox JC. Utility of common bile duct measurement in emergency department point of care ultrasound: A prospective study. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jun;36(6):962-966. PMID: 29162442.

Richmond NL, Meyer ML, Hollowell AG, Isenberg EE, Domeier RM, Swor RA, Hendry PL, Peak DA, Rathlev NK, Jones JS, Lee DC, Jones CW, Platts-Mills TF. Social Support and Pain Outcomes After Trauma Exposure Among Older Adults: A Multicenter Longitudinal Study. Clinical Journal of Pain. 2018 Apr;34(4):366-374. PMID: 28915155

Hieger M, Maskell K. Letter in response to “Levetiracetam in toxic seizures”, Clinical Toxicology. 2018 Mar;56(3): 235. PMID: 29172805

Jaffe J, Murray R, Jean L.  Brugada-type EKG changes associated with nitroprusside toxicity. Heart Rhythm Case Reports. 2018 Mar;4(3): 89–91.

Madsen TE, McLean S, Zhai W, Linnstaedt S, Kurz MC, Swor R, Hendry P, Peak D, Lewandowski C, Pearson C, O'Neil B, Datner E, Lee D, Beaudoin F. Gender Differences in Pain Experience and Treatment after Motor Vehicle Collisions: A Secondary Analysis of the CRASH Injury Study. Clinical Therapeutics. 2018 Feb;40(2):204-213.e2. PMID: 29371004

Masters K, Lutter SL, Barton D, Bohrn MA, Grim R, Becker D, Patterson D. Adapting the Communication and Teamwork Skills Assessment to Assess Pre-licensure Health Care Student Team Performance in Simulation-Enhanced Interprofessional Education.  Health and Interprofessional Practice. 2018 Jan;3(3).

Ruest AS, Getto LP, Fredette JM, Cherico A, Papas MA, Nomura JT. A Novel Task Trainer for Penile Corpus Cavernosa Aspiration. Simulation in Healthcare. 2017 Dec;12(6):407-413. PMID 29117094

Platts-Mills TF, Nebolisa BC, Flannigan SA, Richmond NL, Domeier RM, Swor RA, Hendry PL, Peak DA, Rathlev NK, Jones JS, Lee DC, Jones CW, McLean SA.  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Older Adults Experiencing Motor Vehicle Collision: A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study. American Journal Geriatric Psychiatry. 2017 Sep;25(9):953-963. PMID: 28506605

Battaglioli N, Kaminstein D. The Sound of Free Air. J Emerg Med. 2017 Sep;53(3):e47-e49. PMID:  28992875

Byars DV, Tozer J, Joyce JM, Vitto MJ, Taylor L, Kayagil T, Jones M, Bishop M, Knapp B, Evans D. Emergency Physician-performed Transesophageal Echocardiography in Simulated Cardiac Arrest. West J Emerg Med. 2017 Aug;18(5):830-834.  PID: 28874934

Hieger M, Maskell K, Moss M, Powell S, Cumpston K. Dofetilide in Overdose: A Case Series from Poison Center Data.  Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2017 Jul;17(3):368-371. PMID: 27565970

Lin C, Kochert E. Wandering Spleen with Torsion of Vascular Pedicle. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 July;8:1-2.



Frogel M, Flamm A, Sagy M, Uraneck K, Conway E, Ushay M, Greenwald BM, Pierre L, Shah V, Gaffoor M, Cooper A, Foltin G. Utilizing a Pediatric Disaster Coalition Model to Increase Pediatric Critical Care Surge Capacity in New York City.  Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2017 Jun 13:1-6. 

Davis J, Fauset T, Trajani A, Bates A, Jarriel J, Au A, Fields JM. A randomized study of training with large versus small vessel size on successful ultrasound-guided peripheral venous access. J Vasc Access. 2017 Mar 21;18(2):163-166.

Jaffe J, Kehrl T. Spontaneous Bilateral Internal Carotid Artery Dissections in a Young Female with Headache. Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine. 2017 Mar; 1(1):25-27.

Wexler B, Flamm A. Lessons Learned From An Active Shooter Full Scale Functional Exercise In A Newly Constructed Emergency Department. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2017 Mar 6:1-4.

Flamm A, Sachdev S, Dufresne F. Gabapentin Induced Bullous Pemphigoid. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2017 Mar 1;117(3):191-193. 

Stanley A, Wajanga BM, Jaka H, Purcell R, Byrne L, Williams F, Rypien C, Sharpe A, Laws P, Faustine L, Leeme T, Mwabutwa E, Peck R, Stephens M, Kaminstein D. The Impact of Systematic Point-of-Care Ultrasound on Management of Patients in a Resource-Limited Setting.  Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Feb 8;96(2):488-492.

Wexler B, Rudd A. Fever Unmasking Brugada Pattern and Subsequent Ventricular Fibrillation Arrest in a Patient with Acute Appendicitis.  Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 Jan:6: 58-59.

Rashid M, Kochert E. Foreign Body Aspiration in Patient with Cough and Dyspnea. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 Jan:6:52-53.

Wonnacott A, Kehrl T. Emphysematous Gastritis Resulting from Isopropyl Alcohol Ingestion. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 Jan:6:43.

Yeich T. Cardiac Emergency in a Patient with a Preexisting AICD. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2017 Jan:6: 33-34.

Feldman M, Pozez A, Frei A, Stuntz B. Aortic Dissection Presenting as Syncope with an Inferior STEMI. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 Jan:6: 31-32.

Kite A, Le B, Cumpston K, Hieger M. Blast Injuries Caused by Vape Devices: 2 Case Reports. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 2016 Dec:77(6): 620-622.

Hieger M, Afeld J, Cumpston K, Wills B. Topical Benzocaine and Methemoglobinemia. Am J Ther. 2016 Oct 12. 

Ball L, Kochert E, Williams S. Spontaneous Esophageal Perforation in a Man with Severe Chest Pain. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Oct;5:23-24.

Battaglioli N, Rozzi H. A 15 Month Old with Difficulty Swallowing. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Oct;5:17-18.

Cremin J, Fraley C, Kochert E. The Many Manifestations of Lyme disease. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Oct;5:3-4.

Watson J, Becker B. Wellens' syndrome in the diagnosis of proximal LAD obstruction in an otherwise healthy male without coronary artery disease risk factors. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Oct;5:1–2.

Ball L. STEMI Mountains (Image). Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 2016 Sept; 27(3): 446.

Hieger M, Emswiler M, Maskell K, Sentz J, Miller K, Wolf C, Cumpston K, Wills B. A Case Series of Clenbuterol Toxicity Caused by Adulterated Heroin. J Emerg Med. 2016 Sep;51(3):259-61.

Kaczorowski D, Kehrl T. Extracorporeal life support for cardiopulmonary resuscitation for adults: evolving evidence.  ASAIO Journal. 2016 Jul-Aug;62(4):364-9.

Patrick K, Kochert E, Kaczorowski D. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for TCA Poisoning Refractory to Lipid Emulsion Therapy. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 Jul; 4:42–44.

Smith J, Kehrl T, Kochert E. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in a Young Female with Back and Chest Pain. Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Jul; 4:54–55.



Kehrl T, Becker BA, Simmons DE, Broderick EK, Jones RA. Intraosseous Access in the Obese Patient:  Assessing the Need for Extended Needle Length.  American Journal of Emergency Medicine.  2016 Sep;34(9):1831-4. PMID: 27344097.

Lahham S, Becker B, Chiem A, et al. Pilot Study to Determine Accuracy of Posterior Approach Ultrasound for Shoulder Dislocation by Novice Sonographers. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 May;17(3):377-82. PMID:  27330675

Stuntz R, Clontz R. An evaluation of emergency medicine core content covered by free open access medical education resources. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 May;67(5):649-54. PMID: 26875062

Becker BA, Fields WA, Pfisterer L, Stuntz RM, Stahlman BA, Kochert EI. Extrabiliary Pathology Identified by Right Upper Quadrant Abdominal Ultrasound in Emergency Department Patients. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Jan; 50(1):92-8. PMID: 26409669

Counselman F, Carius M, Kowalenko T, Battaglioli N, et al. The American Board of Emergency Medicine Maintenance of Certification Summit. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015 Nov; 49 (5):722-8. PMID: 26375809

Kehrl T, Dagen C, Becker B. Focused Cardiac Ultrasound Diagnosis of Cor Triatriatum Sinistrum in Pediatric Cardiac Arrest.  Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015 Sep; 16(5):753-5. PMID: 26587102

Buhumaid R, Riley J, Sattarian M, Bregman B, Blanchard J. Characteristics of Frequent Users of the Emergency Department with Psychiatric Conditions. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2015 Aug; 26(3): 941-950. PMID: 26320924

Lam SH, Bailitz J, Blehar D, Becker BA, Hoffmann B, Liteplo AS, Rajan KB, Lambert M. Multi-Institution Validation of an Emergency Ultrasound Image Rating Scale-A Pilot Study.  Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015 Jul; 49(1):32-39.  PMID: 25907634

Wexler B, Smith M.  Disaster response and people experiencing homelessness: addressing challenges of a population with limited resources. Journal of Emergency Management. 2015 May/June; 13(3): 195-200. PMID: 26150363

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